Articles and Chapters

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A values-centered relational science model: supporting Indigenous rights and reconciliation in research

A values-centered relational science model: supporting Indigenous rights and reconciliation in research

Addressing complex social-ecological issues requires all relevant sources of knowledge and data, especially those held by communities who remain close to the land. Centuries of oppression, extractive research practices, and misrepresentation have hindered balanced knowledge exchange with Indigenous…

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Exploring the Historical Complexities of Native Identity Formation, Blood Quantum, and Modern Tribal Enrolment Criteria

Exploring the Historical Complexities of Native Identity Formation, Blood Quantum, and Modern Tribal Enrolment Criteria

In the United States, blood quantum (BQ) based enrolment criteria find their roots in settler-colonial policies to erase, assimilate, and subjugate Indigenous Peoples and individuals. As a result, Native Nations throughout the United States continue to debate such practices. Current research on…

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Indigenous Data Sovereignty Chapter

Keywords of the Datafied State: Indigenous Data Sovereignty

Indigenous Data Sovereignty (IDSov) upholds the rights of Indigenous Peoples, communities, and Nations to “govern the collection, ownership, and application” of datasets created with or about Indigenous communities, Indigenous Lands, and the community’s non-human relations. IDSov shifts from…

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Frontiers

IDSov and the silent data revolution: Indigenous Peoples and the decentralized building blocks of web3

This article explores the technology underpinning the decentralized data revolution and encourages Indigenous Peoples (IPs) to secure their Indigenous Data Sovereignty (IDSov) over the Metaverse and Web3. More specifically, this article will survey blockchain technologies, exploring some disturbing…

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Global impacts of extractive and industrial development projects on Indigenous Peoples’ lifeways, lands, and rights

Global impacts of extractive and industrial development projects on Indigenous Peoples’ lifeways, lands, and rights

To what extent do extractive and industrial development pressures affect Indigenous Peoples’ lifeways, lands, and rights globally? We analyze 3081 environmental conflicts over development projects to quantify Indigenous Peoples’ exposure to 11 reported social-environmental impacts jeopardizing the…

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Reclaiming Indigenous Health in the US: Moving beyond the Social Determinants of Health

Reclaiming Indigenous Health in the US: Moving beyond the Social Determinants of Health

The lack of literature on Indigenous conceptions of health and the social determinants of health (SDH) for US Indigenous communities limits available information for Indigenous nations as they set policy and allocate resources to improve the health of their citizens. In 2015, eight scholars from…

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Using Indigenous Standards to Implement the CARE Principles: Setting Expectations through Tribal Research Codes

Extending the CARE Principles from tribal research policies to benefit sharing in genomic research

Indigenous Peoples have historically been targets of extractive research that has led to little to no benefit. In genomics, such research not only exposes communities to harms and risks of misuse, but also deprives such communities of potential benefits. Tribes in the US have been exercising their…

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Facilitating Exchange between Arctic and Southwest Indigenous Communities on Food and Knowledge Sovereignty

Indigenous Foods Knowledges Network: Facilitating Exchange between Arctic and Southwest Indigenous Communities on Food and Knowledge Sovereignty

On a sunny morning in June of 2019, our hosts at the Athabaskan Nay'dini'aa Na'Kayax' Culture Camp, located near Chickaloon Native Village in south-central Alaska, set up a table near the smoke house and demonstrated how to fillet salmon. It was salmon season in Chickaloon, and young campers were…

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Archaeology and Social Justice in Native America

Archaeology and Social Justice in Native America

Over the past 20 years, collaboration has become an essential aspect of archaeological practice in North America. In paying increased attention to the voices of descendant and local communities, archaeologists have become aware of the persistent injustices these often marginalized groups face.…

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Using Indigenous Standards to Implement the CARE Principles: Setting Expectations through Tribal Research Codes

Using Indigenous Standards to Implement the CARE Principles: Setting Expectations through Tribal Research Codes

Biomedical data are now organized in large-scale databases allowing researchers worldwide to access and utilize the data for new projects. As new technologies generate even larger amounts of data, data governance and data management are becoming pressing challenges. The FAIR principles (Findable,…

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ANCSA A complete or incomplete story of sovereignty

ANCSA: A complete or incomplete story of sovereignty

Shortly after the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act passed into law in 1971, headlines started appearing in local newspapers that hinted at a growing confusion among Alaska Native communities: “Indian Country hard to define,” stated one Tundra Times edition. “ANCSA and tribalism?” asked another.…

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Balancing openness with Indigenous data sovereignty_An opportunity to leave no one behind in the journey to sequence all of life

Balancing openness with Indigenous data sovereignty: An opportunity to leave no one behind in the journey to sequence all of life

The field of genomics has benefited greatly from its “openness” approach to data sharing. However, with the increasing volume of sequence information being created and stored and the growing number of international genomics efforts, the equity of openness is under question. The United Nations…

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Ch. 7: Tribal Nations as Key Players in Regional Rural Economies

Investing in Rural Prosperity Chapter 7: Native America x Rural America: Tribal Nations as Key Players in Regional Rural Economies

The seventh chapter in Investing in Rural Prosperity, "Native America x Rural America: Tribal Nations as Key Players in Regional Rural Economies", outlines the diversity of Native nations, including with respect to governmental structure and economic opportunity. It also explores the history and…

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Expanded Ethical Principles for Research Partnership and Transdisciplinary Natural Resource Management Science

Expanded Ethical Principles for Research Partnership and Transdisciplinary Natural Resource Management Science

Natural resource researchers have long recognized the value of working closely with the managers and communities who depend on, steward, and impact ecosystems. These partnerships take various forms, including co-production and transdisciplinary research approaches, which integrate multiple…

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COVID-19 and Indigenous Peoples: Tools to Promote Equity and Best Practices

COVID-19 and Indigenous Peoples: Tools to Promote Equity and Best Practices

This is the second volume of a two-volume special issue of the American Indian Culture and Research Journal, volume 44.3, dedicated to the indirect impact of COVID-19 on Indigenous Peoples. The first volume (44.2) covers the degree to which Indigenous Peoples were affected by COVID-19 and how this…

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THE RISE OF INDIGENOUS RECOGNITION: Implications for comparative politics

The Rise of Indigenous Recognition: Implications for Comparative Politics

Recent decades have ushered in a new era for the recognition of Indigenous rights. Today, more than half of all United Nations member states recognize some form of Indigenous governance in their constitutions (Holzinger et al 2019), and dozens more have done so statutorily. This marks the…

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COVID-19 and Indigenous Peoples Impact of and Response to the Pandemic

COVID-19 and Indigenous Peoples: Impact of and Response to the Pandemic

In a two-volume, special edition of the American Indian Culture and Research Journal—volume 44, issues 2 and 3—we examine COVID-19’s unique implications for Indigenous Peoples, nations, and communities. We organized these special issues because the COVID-19 pandemic has particularly adversely…

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Operationalizing the CARE and FAIR Principles for Indigenous data futures

Operationalizing the CARE and FAIR Principles for Indigenous data futures

As big data, open data, and open science advance to increase access to complex and large datasets for innovation, discovery, and decision-making, Indigenous Peoples’ rights to control and access their data within these data environments remain limited. Operationalizing the FAIR Principles for…

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Indigenous Peoples' Data During COVID-19: From External to Internal

Indigenous Peoples' Data During COVID-19: From External to Internal

Global disease trackers quantifying the size, spread, and distribution of COVID-19 illustrate the power of data during the pandemic. Data are required for decision-making, planning, mitigation, surveillance, and monitoring the equity of responses. There are dual concerns about the availability and…

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Working with the CARE principles: operationalising Indigenous data governance

Working with the CARE principles: operationalising Indigenous data governance

Shifting the focus of data governance from consultation to values-based relationships to promote equitable Indigenous participation in data processes. Indigenous data sovereignty is becoming an increasingly relevant topic, as limited opportunities for benefit sharing have focused attention on the…